A Study

R.K. Jha

ISBN 978-81-7977-568-4

pp. : 118 + x

Price : Rs. 85 (for Individuals)
         : Rs. 150.00 (for Institutes and Libraries)

List of Contents:




A WOUNDED CIVILIZATION (Historical Political Cultural and Religious Significance of the Travelogue)



Select University Questions

PGT/TGT Revision Book with Solved and Model Papers

Sudhir K. Arora

ISBN 978-81-7977-570-7

Size : (9 X 11.5) inches (untrimmed)

pp. : 144 + iv

Price : Rs. 150.00

Why do the aspirants need a revision book? The aspirants study in detail but begin to forget soon. Psychologically it is believed that the studied matter begin to slip from the memory if it is not revised once in a week. Here is the revision book, which will help them in revising all the important and relevant facts. 

Sometimes it is seen that the aspirants apply and, somehow, due to circumstances they fail to study in detail. As the examinations approach, they long for a book that may give them a feel of the examinations as well as the significant knowledge of the questions that are often asked in the examinations. If the aspirants have a sound knowledge of Grammar and are smart enough to choose the right option, the present book is going to be a friend in need. 

The book is of much help to the intelligent aspirants who appear at the examinations but unfortunately miss the target by a few marks. Such aspirants wish to judge themselves at every step. Here is the book that will prove to be a touchstone for evaluation. They can evaluate themselves through the chapter ‘Know your Score’ and also by solving the model / practice papers, which are designed strictly in conformity with the latest pattern of the examination papers. It will be helpful not only in knowing the position of their preparation but also in revising the studied matter. Solved papers of previous examinations will give an orientation to the aspirants, who may become mentally prepared to face the examinations confidently and accurately. Hence, the book is complete in itself for the last minute revision.  

How to crack PGT/TGT examinations 
English Literature: Some Basic Facts
Prescribed Authors in PGT and their Works
Prescribed Authors in TGT and their Works
Literary Awards and Winners
Solved PGT Examination Papers
Solved TGT Examinatioin Papers
Know your Score : QUESTION BANK 
Model/Practice Paper for PGT Examination
Model/Practice Paper for TGT Examination

Of Allied Interest :


Robert Frost: A Study of His Select Poems

by: A.N. Dwivedi

ISBN 978-81-7977-382-6

pp.: 212 + viii

Price: Rs. 80.00 (for students)
        : Rs. 150.00 (for institutes and libraries)

List of Contents

The Age of Robert Frost
Robert Frost Life and Works
Frost’s conception of Poetry
Frost’s Poetic Diction
Frost’s Lyricism
Robert Frost as a Poetic Artist
Frost As a Modern Poet
The Major Themes of Robert Frost
Frost As An American Poet
Frost As a Thinker
Frost As The Spiritual Drifter
A Certain Morbidness in Frost Poetry
Frost As a Nature Poet
The Pastoral Element in Frost’s Poetry
Symbolism in Frost’s Poetry
Frost’s Treatment of Man
Chronology of Important Dates
Critical Notes, Allusions and Paraphrase
Two Tramps in Mud Time
Mending Wall
The Road Not Taken
Fire and Ice
The Death of The Hired Man
Home Burial
After Apple-Picking
The Wood Pile
Brown’s Descent
The Vanishing Red
Nothing Gold can Stay
Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
The Need of Being Versed in Country Things
Acquainted with the Night
West-Running Brook
Desert Places
The Gift Outright
A Considerable Speck

Aravind Adiga's THE WHITE TIGER


by: Sudhir K. Arora

ISBN 978-81-7977-565-3

pp.: 194 + xiv

Price : Rs. 110.00 (for students)
         : Rs. 225.00 (for institutes and libraries)

Aravind Adiga’s The White Tiger is the most controversial Booker Prize novel. It is often rejected as “trash” or “raddi” because of its savage mutilation of Indian cultural ethos and the hurt of the national pride. It is also hailed as the masterpiece for its fascinating narration of two Indias. It offers a commentary on Indian life though, to some critics, this commentary seems to be inauthentic and lacking in truth.
      As The White Tiger is prescribed in the syllabus of some universities, the contents of this book are designed to cater to the needs of the students. What makes this book interesting is its simple language and lucid style. It will be useful in developing the keen insight of the students as well as the scholars who are sure to explore the unexplored regions of Aravind Adiga’s The White Tiger and other novels as well.

Sudhir K. Arora (1968) teaches English at Maharaja Harishchandra P.G. College, Moradabad, affiliated to M.J.P. Rohilkhand University, Bareilly. He has authored a number of books including Aravind Adiga’s The White Tiger: A Freakish Booker and Multicultural Consciousness in the Novels of Kamala Markandaya. The voluminous critical work, Cultural and Philosophical Reflections in Indian Poetry in English in five volumes, is his magnum opus.

List of Contents:

Indian Novel in English: A Tour
Aravind Adiga as a Novelist
The White Tiger: In Brief
The White Tiger: Chapter-wise Summary
The White Tiger: Some Viewpoints
(a)Title (b) Plot (c) Characterization (d) Multiple Themes (Struggle for Identity, Light versus Darkness, Mockery of Religion, How to break the Cage, Failure of Democracy, Sex for Sale, Effects of Globalization, Relationship—Master-servant Relationship, Servant-servant Relationship, Personal Relationship, Employer-employee Relationship, Indo-China Relationship) (e) Technical Aspects             
Balram Halwai: The White Tiger
Theme of Poverty in The White Tiger
Religion in The White Tiger
Mockery in The White Tiger
Democratic Values and The White Tiger
Postmodern Reflections in The White Tiger
Foucault, Korzybski and The White Tiger
Memorable Excerpts from Aravind Adiga’s Works
Memorable Facts: Adiga and His Works
Scholars on Aravind Adiga’s The White Tiger
Aravind Adiga’s The White Tiger in Reviews


A.K. RAMANUJAN: The Bridge between Tradition and Modernity

A Study of the Poet and his Poetry

by : Dushyant Nimavat

ISBN 978-81-7977-566-0

pp.: 130 + vi

Price : Rs. 75.00 (for students)
         : Rs. 130.00 (for Institutes and Libraries)

List of Contents:

A.K. Ramanujan—Life and Works
A.K. Ramanujan’s Major Works
Characteristics of Ramanujan’s Poetry
Major Themes of Ramanujan’s Poetry
Reconciliation Between Tradition and Modernity in Ramanujan.s Poetry
Historical Sensibility in Ramanujan’s Poetry
Imagery and Symbolism in Ramanujan’s Poetry
Irony in Ramanujan’s Poetry
Ramanujan’s Poetic Craftsmanship
Indian Experience in Ramanujan’s Poetry Or Indian Sensibility in A.K. Ramanujan’s Poetry
Depiction of Familial Relationships in Ramanujan’s Poetry
A.K. Ramanujan’s Treatment of Nature
Ramanujan’s Views on Folklore and its importance
A.K. Ramanujan’s Attitude towards Women              
Ramanujan’s Views on Poetry and Folklore
The Use of Mythology and Legends in A.K. Ramanujan’s Poetry
The voice of Protest in the Poems of A.K. Ramanujan
Memory, the Central Theme of A.K. Ramanujan’s poetry
Ramanujan’s Poetic Credo
Ramanujan on Bhakti Poetry
Critical Appreciation of A.K. Ramanujan’s Selected Poems
A River
Breaded Fish
Love Poem for a Wife I.
The Snakes
The Striders
Of Mothers Among Other Things
Looking for a Cousin on a Swing              
Still Another view of Grace.
The Hindoo : He reads his Gita and is calm at all events
Conventions of Despair
Small Scale Reflections on a Great House
The Last of the Princes              
Prayers to Lord Murugan              
Elements of Composition              
Zoo Gardens Revisited
Chicago Zen
Waterfalls in a Bank
On the Death of a Poem
Theme and Essence of A.K. Ramanujan’s Major Poems (Brief Summary)
A.K. Ramanujan’s Life & Works at a Glance
Hints to Objective & Short Answer Questions. (Easy to Remember Points)
Objective Questions (Multiple Choice Questions)


A Handbook of the Study of Literature

Studies in 

Literary Forms, Literary Movements & Practical Criticism

Manindranath Sinha

ISBN 81-7977-182-2
pp. : 320 + xvi
Price : RS. 125.00 (for students)
         : RS. 250.00 (for institutes and libraries)

List of Contents:


What is Literature? Methods of Sdudying Literature.

The Study of Poetry

What is Poetry ? 
Subjective and Objective Poetry. 
The Lyric : (A) What is the Lyric? Main Features of the Lyric, Range of Lyric, (B) Fusion of the Personal and the Universal Elements in Lyrics
The Ode: Main Features of the Ode-The Forms of the Ode
The Elegy : Essential Qualities of an Elegy as a Poetic Form—the Pastoral Elegy
The Sonnet
The Ballad : Distinguishing Features—Types of Ballad
The Epic : The Qualities of an Epic—The conventions of the Epic—Kinds of Epic- Mock Epic. 
Dramatic Monologue. 
Stanza Forms : (A) Heroic Couplet, (B) The Spenserian Stanza (C) The Chaucerian Stanza, (D) The Terza Rima, (E) The Ottava Rima, (F) Ballad Stanza, (G) Sextain
Metre : Its Place and Use in Poetry—Kinds of Metre : (A) Disyllabic Metre, (B) Trisyllabic Metre.

The Study of Drama

The Novel and the Drama
The Dependence of the Drama upon the Stage
The Structure of a Play
Parallelism and Contrast
Concealment and Surprise
Soliloquy and Aside
The Three Unities.

The Study of Tragedy

Tragedy Defined : (A) Introduction, (B) The Functions of Tragedy : (a) Excitation of Pity and Fear, (b) Katharsis, (C) The Presentation of a Vision of Grandeur and Greatness (d) Social Significance. 
The Role of Fate in Tragedy
Character is Destiny
Conflict in Tragedy
The Supernatural in Tragedy
The Tragic Hero
Relative Importance of Plot and Character in Tragedy
Tragic Relief (Tragic Pleasure)
Universality in Tragedy
Dramatic Irony
The Chorus
More Important Types of Tragic Drama : (A) Greek Tragedy, (B) Romantic Tragedy, (C) Domestic Tragedy, XIII. Difference between Romantic Tragedy and Neo-classical Tragedy.

The Study of Comedy

Comedy Defined : (a) Essential Features of Comedy, (b) The Sources of the Comic, (c) Drama and Comedy
The Relative importance of plot and Character in Comedy
Important Types of Comedy: (A) The Romantic Comedy, (b) The Comedy of Humours (Comedy of Satire)
Difference between Classical Comedy and Romantic Comedy
Some Other Dramatic Types : (A) Tragi-Comedy, (B) Farce, (C) Melodrama, (D) The Masque, (E) The problem play.

Origin and Development of English Drama

The Study of Shakespeare

Shakespearean Comedy
Shakespearean Tragedy
The Last plays of Shakespeare
Shakespeare’s Historical Plays : (A) English Historical plays, (B) The Roman Plays.

The Study fo Novel

Novel Defined
The Story-telling Aspect of the Novel
The Principle of Fidelity in a Novel
Plot : (a) Loose and Organic, (b) Simple and Compound. 
Relative Importance of plot and Character
Dialogue in a Novel
Interpretation or Criticism of Life
Some important Types of the Novel : (A) The picaresque Novel, (B) The Historical Novel, (C) The Autobiographical Novel, (D) The Psychological Novel. (E) The Stream of Consciousness Novel.

The English Novel

Its Beginnings
The English Novel in the 18th century.

Other Literary Forms

The Criticism
The Satire
The Short Story
The One-Act play
The Essay
Poetic Drama
Style-Definition—Style as the Index of personality.

The Renaissance

The Renaissance-its definition and its impact on society
Impact of the Renaissance on English Literature : Influence on poetry, Impact on Drama, Impact on prose. 
Renaissance & English poetry : (A) Elizabethan Sonnets & Sonneteers,(B) Elizabethan Songs and Lyrics, (C) Renaissance and Epic poetry : Edmund Spenser, (D) Long, Narrative poetry of the Elizabethan Age (Erotic Poetry).
University Wits-their Contribution to Drama
Individual Contribution of the University Wits: (1) John Lyly (2) Robert Greene (3) Thomas Kyd (4) Marlowe (5) George Peele. 
Elizabethan Revenge Tragedy
Elizabethan Prose : (A) Prose Fiction, (B) Philosophical Prose.

The Metaphysical Poetry


Neo-Classicism : (A) Introduction, (B) Distinctive Features of Neo-Classical Literature 
Characteristics of Neo-Classical poetry
Dryden : (A) Dryden as a Neo-Classicist. (B) Dryden as a Satirist.
The Comedy of Manners
The Sentimental Comedy
Heroic Drama
Verse-Satirists of the Neo-Classical Period : (1) Verse-Satirists of the Restoration period, (2) Verse Satirists in the 18th Century. 
Periodical Essay in the 18th Century : (A) Reasons for the popularity, (B) The periodical Essay of the 18th century.

The Romanticism

Preparation for the Romantic Movement
Romanticism as a revolt
Romanticism as Renascence of Wonder
Romanticism as a “Return to Nature”.
Medievalism in Romantic poetry
The French Revolution and Romanticism
Some Characteristics of Romantic poetry.

The Pre-Raphaelite Poetry

Practical Criticism

Critical Evaluation/ Appreciation of passages in Verse/Prose]. I. Introduction. II. Critical Evaluation of Verse-passages. III. Critical Evaluation of prose passages. Exercise.

Solved University Questions

1. “A story of exceptional calamity leading to the death of a man in high state”. Can this definition be applied to modern tragedy? Give reasons for your answer. 
2. In what sense can a tragedy be said to be “true to life”? 
3. "Tragedy is to say a certain story/Of him that stood in great prosperity/And is fallen out of high degree/Into misery and endeth wretchedly" Is this an adequate definition of tragedy? 
4. “The tragic hero’s destiny or choice is to go down fighting rather than submit and thus to pluck a moral victory from a physical defeat.” Discuss with appropriate examples. 
5. What is tragic pity? Explain with illustrations from the plays you have read.
6. Why do we enjoy reading tragedy which is basically a spectacle of human suffering? or why does tragedy please? 
7. Discuss the nature of the tragic effect. 
8. Comment on the interplay between Freewill and predestination in Tragedy. 
9. What, in your view, is more important in Tragedy--plot or character? Discuss with reference to some typical tragedies. 
10. Consider the terms “Romantic” and “Classical” in relation to Tragedy. 
11. How is modern tragedy different from Elizabethan tragedy? Discuss with illustrative references. 
12. How is Elizabethan tragedy different from Greek tragedy?
13. What do you understand by (I) tragic flaw, (II) dramatic irony, (III) comic relief. 
14. Write a note on the tragic hero. 
15. What is Dramatic Irony and what is its use in tragic drama ? 
16. Elizabethan tragedy sharply differs from Classical tragedy. Do you agree? 
17. “Tragedy would not be tragedy if it were not a painful mystery.” How far can tragic experience be explained in terms of pain and mystery. 
18. In what ways are comedy of Humours and Comedy of Manners apart? 
19. Do you agree with the view that laughter is the ultimate aim of comedy? Justify your answer. 
20. “Incongruity is the very soul of comedy.” Discuss.

Andrew Marvell : TO HIS COY MISTRESS

with Introduction, Text and Notes

S.P. Sen Gupta
S.C. Mundhra

ISBN 978-81-7977-563-9

pp. : 128 + viii

Price : Rs. 55.00

List of Contents :

Background : The Metaphysicals and Their Age
Andrew Marvell—His Life and Works
Andrew Marvell as a Poet
The Metaphysical Poetry and Marvell
Themes in Marvell’s Poetry
The Poetry of Andrew Marvell : An Assessment
Select Literary Criticism
To His Coy Mistress
Introduction to the Poem
Analysis of the three verse-paragraphs
Summary of the poem
A Critical Appreciation
A famous love poem
‘Carpe Diem’ theme
Classical Theme
Tone and Movement
Expression of varying moods
Conceits and use of wit
The syllogistic construction of the poem
Notes and Comments
Select Bibliography