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We laud Kanakadasa as a ‘national saint’ but Kanakadasa’s works are circulated only within the world of Kannada Literature. Of course, in the recent years a serious contemplation on the study of Dasa (Keerthana) Literature, especially on the literature composed by Kanakadasa is being carried out in the world of Kannada Literature. The compositions of Kanakadasa are being studied in the backdrop of socio-cultural and linguistic levels or areas. There is enough of discussion, being brought to the front, regarding the relevance of the compositions of Kanakadasa in the contemporary context rather than merely studying them in relation to the time, of their composition. But is it enough if these new ideas get circulated widely only within the world of Kannada literature? Is it not necessary that the various dimensions of Indian literature be made known not only to the native language readers but also to the readers of other languages at global level? The poets of the Northern part of our Sub-continent such as Guru Nanak, Tulsidas, Meerabai, Narasi Mehta, Lalleshwari and many others are well known worldwide. In the true sense of the word they are the ‘National saints’. Kanakadasa, who also stands on the pedestal of ‘national saints’ is not known to the people of other languages. That too for a foreign reader he is almost unknown and unheard. It is really a bad luck in the part of the Kannadigas! In this regard, there is enough of responsibility on the shoulders of the Kannadigas to make Kanakadasa a ‘National saint’ in the true sense of the word. What is to be done most importantly now is not only the translation of the literature produced by Kanakadasa into Indian Languages but also into other foreign Languages and dissemination of his (Kanakadasa’s) Literature throughout the world through English Language which happens to be the window on the western part of the world.
At such a point of time here is a model of avatar (incarnation) of keertanas (the selected ones) of Kanakadasa into English right before our eyes. Of the approximately 300 keertanas of Kanakadasa Dr.Shashidhar G. Vaidya has chosen one hundred and two keertanas for his translation and has interwoven them very beautifully into English. Breathing a culture of one language into a cultural zone of another is really a challenging task. The translator Dr.Shashidhar G. Vaidya has carried out the task quite successfully and has marched out victoriously in the job. The old concept of literal translation or lexical translation has become obsolete and irrelevant in our contemporary days. What we need today is the successful linguistic cultural exchange that takes place between two languages. This is not only a give and take (adan- pradan) relation that occurs between two linguistic cultures but also a kind of inter disciplinary proceeding. While capturing the idiom of Kannada language into other languages (especially into a foreign language) the translator is expected to possess the ways of usages of both the languages/cultures. There should not be any scope for distortion of the motifs of the author of source language in the process of translation. In doing so it must not result into a literal translation or word by word translation. The text of the source language must result into a kind of re-writing into the target language, and must suit aptly to the idiomatic peculiarities of the target language. Therefore the process of translation is regarded as a process of Re-creation or trans-creation. That translation, which can liberate a text from its original language and confer the status of ‘Relative autonomy’ upon it, is often regarded as a triumphant translation. In this regarded Dr. Shashidhar G. Vaidya’s attempts appear to have attained success.
(from the FOREWORD by Dr. A.V. Navada, Former Professor and Dean, and currently the Member of Syndicate, Kannada University Hampi (Karnataka))
List of Contents:
Reflection of Kanakadasa in English Mirror
1.O Our Mother Sharada
(Nammamma Sharade Uma…)
2.Bless Me Vagdevi
3.O Men of Three Worlds Say Shiva Shiva
(Shiva Shiva Shiva Enniro…)
4.One Must Become A Dasa
5.O Hanuman of Kadaramandalagi
(Kadaramandalagi Karuni Hanuma)
8.O God Hanumayya
9.My Child Village Hanuman
(Enna Kanda Hallliya Hanuma…)
10.What did My Seeta Utter
11.How shall I Eulogise
(Estu Pogali Naanu Yennodeya…)
(Balle Ballenu Ninna Bhala pratapava…)
Songs in Praise of Guru
13. O Ramanuja Repeated Salutations…
(Ramanujare Namo, Namo…)
14.Have You Seen The Infant?
15.O Good People of This Earth…
17.May The Victory Be to Him…
(Jaya Mangalam Nitya…)
18.O Hari This Service of The Teacher I secured
(Hari Nimma Padakamala…)
19.I Have Lived Truly to Make…
20.Is Not Your One Great name Sufficient…
( Salade Ninnadondu Divyanama…)
21. What Shall I Say…?
22. We Are The Sheep Tending Folk
23. I am Son of A Maid Slave of The Slaves
( Dasa Dasara Maneya…)
24. This Sect Which Praises Ramanuja
( Matave Olleyadu…)
25. O Krishna Am I Born on This Earth
( Poorva Janmadali Naamaadida Karmadim…)
26.Didn’t Thou Hear My Call…
( Baagilanu Teredu…)
27. O Narayana Where Do We Have Homes?
( Namagelli Manegalayya Naarayana…)
28.Nobody For Nobody…
( Aarigaarilla Apatkaladolage…)
29.Can the Scholars Stay…?
( Maavana Maneyolage Erabahude…)
30.The Garland In The Hand…
( Tadeyutalide Pushpamaale …)
31.O Dog With Tail Twisted
( Donku Baalada Naayakare…)
32.O God O Master of Ocean…
( Kayo Ennanu Deva…)
33.On Kanakadasa When VyasaMuni…
( Kanadaasana Mele Dayamaadalu…)
Songs of Sacred Knowledge and Renunciation
34.How Shall I Eulogize Thee?
35.Nobody Is a Well Wisher
(Aaruhitavaru Endu ...)
36.In What Glory Did You Forget Me?
(Aavasiriyali Neenu Yenna Marete...)
37.O Man Trust Not This World...
38.To The Home Of Flower Fetchers...
(Huva Taruvara Manege...)
39. Body And Life Both Are Thine
(Tanu Ninnadu Jeevana Ninnadu...)
40.We Have Come O Govinda Shetty
(Bandevayya Govinda Shetty...)
41.Enough, Enough the Service to The Common Human Beings
Exam conducted by Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission
Each paper contains:
30 Questions of General Studies
120 Questions of English Language and Literatures in English
The focus is on:
a. inclusion of questions from entire syllabus
b. assisting aspirants to revise the whole syllabus
c. providing information through specially designed questions
d. boosting confidence of aspirants through exam-related model questions.
A BOOK REVIEW
A Golden Key to Unlock TGG / LT Examination
Confidence Booster—Boost Your Confidence in General Studies and English
For the TGG / LT aspirants, the countdown begins. Practicing model papers will help them. What they need right now is the golden key which may help them in developing confidence for cracking TGG / LT examination. Here is CONFIDENCE BOOSTER. Why is it needed? It is because of competition which is getting tougher day by day. In this age of information technology access to information is as easy as sliding fingers over smart phone. Aspirants of various competitive exams are actually overburdened with all sort of relevant and irrelevant information. In such scenario, what makes the difference? Confidence is the key for better performance. The lack of confidence causes confusion in the minds of aspirants who therefore commit mistakes even when they know the correct answers. Thus it is essential that as the exam approaches, the confidence level should grow.
The book under review CONFIDENCE BOOSTER, A set of Ten Practice Papers for TGG/LT examination (conducted by Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission) is a wonderful book. It is perhaps the first of its kind, as the questions in it are not ordinary. They can rightly be termed as Smart, Information Packed questions. They are so designed that even when the answer is unknown, if one has read the question carefully, he is already equipped with relevant information related to other questions. Thus reading of one question can lead to answering several other questions.
The book contains 10 papers, as per paper pattern suggested by UPPSC. It contains questions both of General Studies and English. The thorough coverage of all the aspects of General Studies in limited number of questions makes this book very special. Apart from questions on History, Politics, Geography, Civics, Science, Mathematics, Current Affairs and General Knowledge etc, questions especially designed on Uttar Pradesh make it a 'must buy' for all those who are preparing for the competitive examinations conducted by the agencies of U.P. Government. The aspirants other than those opted for English will find this book as valuable, if they evaluate its worth only from G.S. point of view.
Part II of each paper contains questions on English. Syllabus of English for this exam is very vast. Almost 60 authors apart from other aspects of Literature are prescribed. This vastness surely confuses aspirants. But again, this wonderful book has taken care of everything. Each question paper covers the complete syllabus. Even the choice of questions is extremely good. The aspirants, while going through these model questions papers, will find that they are automatically acquiring new information while also revising what they have already acquired till now.
The book is moderately priced and the get-up is pleasant. The book seems to be a right step towards successful preparation for the LT exam.
So, Hurry up aspirants. Read the Confidence Booster if you have not yet read. Feel the difference within you. The confidence within will lead you towards success. All the best!
a. complete coverage of syllabus.
b. Descriptive introduction of prescribed literary forms and terms; and prescribed authors and works
c. Rules of Grammar with special tips.
d. Full text of smaller Poems and Prose, and plenty of important excerpts from prescribed Drama and Fiction.
e. Theme/Story/Summary of all the prescribed works.
f. List of Major Characters
g. More than 4000 quality objective questions on each aspect of the syllabus.
h. Well thought out 2 model papers.
i. 79 chapters in soothing layout with uniform formatting through out the book.
List of Contents:
SECTION ONE: ENGLISH LANGUAGE
1.Unseen Passage for Comprehension
2.General Grammar (Parts of speech, Tense, Preposition, Agreement, Transformation, Synthesis)
8.One Word Equivalents
10.Idioms and Phrases
15.Miscellaneous Questions on Grammar
16.Translation from English to Hindi and Hindi to English
17.Letter Writing and Dialogue Writing
SECTION TWO: LITERATURES IN ENGLISH
Literary Forms and Movements:
18.Literary Forms and Movements
19.Understanding and Identification of Figures of Speech