2. A Key to Literary Forms and Terms, by Sudhir. K. Arora, Price : 40/-, Pages 100.
Book Review by R.K. Singh, Head, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad
The third paper contains only descriptive questions. It has four sections. Section I requires candidates to write a critique of a given passage. The questions in section II are definitional or seek particular information in short answer form. Section III relates to analytical or evaluative questions on the candidate's major specialization / elective , as preferred. Section IV is based on essay types questions on general themes and contemporary , theoretical , or of disciplinary relevance to test the candidates ' ability to expound critically a subject with discrimination.
Seen in this light, the two books under review seek to help aspiring candidates prepare for answering objective- type questions in English literature. Manoj Kumar's book is composed to serve as a practice book for the UGC' s NET and postgraduate students in English, providing "subjective material as well as objective questions" necessary for good preparation (Preface).
The author has divided the 'textbook' into ten units, providing the basic information about British literature from the Age of Chaucer to the Contemporary period , American Literature, Indian English literature, Literatures in translation, Literary theory and Criticism, and Rhetoric and Prosody.
Each unit begins with a brief mention of the author's names and major works that make them notable, followed by objective-type questions (with four options). …
The list of Booker (from 1969 to 2007) and Nobel (from 1901 to 2007) Prize winners at the end is informative but Manoj Kumar should have also provided the names of the prize-winning books in the last three pages.
The second book, A Key to Literary Forms and Terms, should make up for the short falls in Unit X of Manoj Kumar's textbook. In fact, Sudhir K. Arora claims to have included most of the important literary forms and terms "in capsule form" and provided plenty of multiple-choice practice exercises that should help aspiring candidates perform better in the competitive exams for fellowship and / or Lectureship in English literature.
In the first 29 pages, Arora has alphabetically arranged 117 literary forms and terms with useful references, but no examples. In the section on 'Figures of Speech', Arora has abandoned this arrangement and included terms of rhetoric and prosody in the order it is generally available in most books. The examples, however, are helpful.
In both the books the authors have provided a key to all the objective items to self-help candidates in their preparation. However, Manoj Kumar has also added some 250 'Unsolved' items to ensure that serious candidates really prepare well.
Given the present state of English Literature teaching in the country, books like A Textbook for Objective Questions in English Literature and A Key to Literary Forms and Terms are helpful to aspiring candidates in developing … .